“Button Lichens”: {Amandinea sp.}

Amandinea (aka “Button Lichens”)

Description: Crustose lichens with thick, or– more frequently– very thin thalli.  Tips of paraphyses enlarged & pigmented; asci variable in K/I reaction, but usually Bacidia-type.

Color: Brown to gray or almost white.

Photobiont: Green (Trebouxia).

Apothecia: Black, lecideine or lecanorine, usually with a persistent margin.

Hypothecium: Usually dark brown but sometimes pale.

Epihymenium: Brown to greenish

Spores: Brown, 2-celled, with uniformly thickened walls or with a thickened septum

Conidia: Very slender, long, & curved, mostly about 15 – 30 um long.

Chemistry: North American species without lichen substances.

Substrate: On rocks, bark, or wood, rarely soil.

Lookalikes: The long, arc-shaped conidia separate this genus from the closely related BuelliaThallus & apothecial type vary from species to species, & even the spores are not uniform.  In the coastal rock species A. coniops (British Columbia, Alaska, & Newfoundland), the septum separating the two cells is conspicously thickened; in most other species of Amandinea, it is not.  This species also differs from the others in having a thick, areolate to verrucose, brown to gray-brown thallus & large spores, 12 – 18 x (6.3-) 8 – 9.5 um.

Bibliography: Lichens of North America, by Brodo, Sharnoff, & Sharnoff

Database Entry:  Distance Everheart 12-26-13

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