{Allecetraria sp.}

Allocetraria

Location Summary

Substrate: On the ground (one species on trees at low or high elevations)

Range: High elevations; (one species on trees at low or high elevations)

Identification Characteristics

Description: A genus of mainly foliose, rarely fruticose lichens; upper cortex usually composed of a palisade-like pseudoparenchyma;

Colour: Yellow to yellowish green or brown

Pseudocyphellae: present or absent

Rhizines: sparse

Photobiont: green (Trebouxia).

ApotheciaMarginal or laminal but close to the margin, brown, with narrow asci

Spores: Colorless, spherical, 5 – 10 x 5 – 8 um, 8 per ascus arranged in a single row

PycnidiaProminent or immersed, distributed usually along the lobe margins on foliose species

Conidia: thread-like, 10 – 19 x 0.5 – 2 um.

Chemistry: Cortex PD-, K-, KC+ gold, C- (usnic acid); medulla of North American species with fatty acids.

Lookalikes: Most species of Allocetraria are found in southeastern Asia.  The characteristics that link the two quite dissimilar North American representatives are mainly anatomical features (the cortex, pycnidia, & asci).  Ahtiana is a closely related genus with dumbell-shaped conidia & a cortex of pseudoparenchyma (without a palisade arrangement.

Bibliography: Lichens of North America, by Brodo, Sharnoff, & Sharnoff

Database Entry:  Distance Everheart 12-26-13

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